In 2011, CNN Travel readers voted for their 50 world’s most delicious foods. The first two dishes were two iconic Indonesian recipes. The most preferred food was a dish made with beef and ginger from Sumatra called rendang. The second favorite dish for the 35,000 people who voted was nasi goreng.
Satay, another Indonesian dish that we introduced you to, finished at #10. Other dishes on the list that we featured on 196 flavors include Vietnamese phô, “egg tart” attributed to Hong Kong but with the same origins as Portuguese pasteis de nata, Neapolitan pizza, brownie, or Korean bibimbap.
What is nasi goreng?
Nasi goreng can be considered the national dish, or at least one of Indonesian national dishes. Like many national dishes, there are as many versions of nasi goreng recipes as families in Indonesia. An authentic nasi goreng recipe (fried rice in Indonesian) should at the minimum include key ingredients like kecap manis, belacan or terasi (shrimp paste), shallots and garlic.
What is kecap manis?
Kecap manis is a typical Indonesian sweetened soy sauce. It can be prepared by reducing soy sauce and brown sugar until reaching a thick syrupy texture.
What is terasi?
Shrimp paste, also called terasi in Indonesian or belacan in Malay, is another emblematic ingredient of Indonesian cuisine. This paste is obtained by fermenting chopped sun-dried shrimp. It is never eaten raw but only used as a condiment in cooked preparations like nasi goreng.
For people who do not eat shrimp or shellfish, just know that this ingredient is mainly used to give the dish its reddish color, fishy taste but also its umami savory taste. Umami (pleasant savory taste in Japanese) is one of the 5 main flavors along with sweet, sour, bitter and salty flavors. You can replace the shrimp paste with red bell pepper, nuoc mam (fish sauce made with fermented anchovies) and monosodium glutamate or MSG.
How to make nasi goreng?
A nasi goreng recipe is often prepared with chicken but can just as easily be made as a vegetarian dish. It is usually served with a fried or scrambled egg and accompanied by cucumber, tomato or lettuce. The fried shallots give a crispy texture to the dish, just like the prawn crackers (krupuk udang in Indonesian) it is usually served with. Yes, Indonesians love shrimps.
This nasi goreng recipe was quite a huge success at home, and it will surely become one of our favorite rice dishes. My friend Gaby came the next day to help us finish the leftovers and he seemed to love it too. You can take my word for it: make nasi goreng as soon as possible without any hesitation!
- 3 cups cooked long grain rice
- 10 shallots , divided
- 3 cloves garlic
- 1 teaspoon shrimp paste (belacan or terasi)
- 3 tablespoons sweet soy sauce (kecap manis)
- 1 tablespoon soy sauce
- 1 teaspoon palm sugar
- 1 scallion , chopped
- ½ lb cabbage , shredded (or ½ lb chicken breast, fried and shredded)
- 1 red chili pepper
- 4 eggs (fried or scrambled)
- 1 tomato , sliced
- 1 cucumber , sliced
- Prawn crackers (krupuk udang)
- Deep fry 4 shallots, cut into very thin slices until slightly crisp, about 5-6 minutes.
- Set aside.
- Meanwhile, mix the 6 shallots, garlic, shrimp paste and chili in a food processor.
- Heat cooking oil over medium heat in a wok or large frying pan and fry the paste mixture for 2 minutes.
- Add the rice, kecap manis, soy sauce and palm sugar. Sauté everything over high heat for 6-7 minutes.
- Add scallion and cabbage or chicken. Mix well and continue to sauté for 2 minutes.
- Serve hot, sprinkled with fried shallots and accompanied with condiments such as sliced tomatoes, cucumbers, a fried or scrambled egg and prawn crackers.